(i) Assume that the binding energy is equivalent to the electrical potential energy for an atom. If the nitrogen gas molecule (N2) has a separation distance of 0.11 nm between the nucleus and an outer electron, what is the binding energy of this electron? Draw a potential picture of this system. (ii) Now explain how the N2 gas molecules are ionized when dielectric breakdown occurs using the electric potential picture. What is the minimum kinetic energy of the trigger electron?
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